252. It is the same with many other words; for example where "joy" is mentioned, "gladness" also is mentioned, as in the following passages:
Behold, joy and gladness, to slay an ox (Isa. 22:13).
They shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away (Isa. 35:10; 51:11).
Gladness and joy are cut off from the house of our God (Joel 1:18).
The voice of joy and the voice of gladness shall be taken away (Jer. 7:34; 25:10).
The fast of the tenth shall be to the house of Judah for joy and gladness (Zech. 8:19).
Be glad in Jerusalem, and rejoice in her (Isa. 66:10).
Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom (Lam. 4:21).
Let the heavens be glad and let the earth rejoice (Ps. 96:11).
Make me to hear joy and gladness (Ps. 51:8).
Joy and gladness shall be found in Zion, confession, and the voice of melody (Isa. 51:3).
There shall be gladness, and many shall rejoice at his birth (Luke 1:14).
I will cause to cease the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride (Jer. 7:34; 16:9; 25:10).
Again there shall be heard in this place, the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride (Jer. 33:10, 11); and elsewhere. Both joy and gladness are mentioned, because joy is predicated of good and gladness of truth, or joy of love and gladness of wisdom; for joy belongs to the heart and gladness to the spirit, or joy to the will and gladness to the understanding. That there is also a marriage of the Lord and the church in these words is evident from the expression:
The voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride (Jer. 7:34; 16:9; 25:10; 33:10, 11);
for the Lord is the Bridegroom, and the church is the bride. That the Lord is the Bridegroom may be seen, Matt. 9:15; Mark 2:19, 20; Luke 5:34, 35; that the church is the bride, Rev. 21:2, 9; 22:17. Therefore John the Baptist said of Jesus:
He that hath the bride is the Bridegroom (John 3:29).